16 October 2015
This article talks about how over 200 new species were found in the Himalayas. These include 133 plants, 39 invertebrates, 26 fish, 10 amphibians, one reptile, one bird and one mammal. One new type of fish that was found in this area can breathe air and can survive out of water for up to four days. Also mentioned in my article was how some species in the Himalayas are becoming endangered and some have become extinct. The most significant danger to these species is climate change, along with population growth, deforestation, overgrazing, poaching, the wildlife trade, mining, pollution and hydropower development. I think that these new discoveries can help us learn new things about biology. The air-breathing fish could be studied to find out why it is able to survive in air and in water. Because of the threats to these animals, we should act to prevent climate change and also help the endangered animals to survive. One quote that stood out to me was when they said that over 200 species have been discovered in 5 years. If this is true, we can probably discover even more new species that are in the same area. The more species, the more we can learn about different things. Another quote that interested me was when the article told about a fish that could breath air. I wonder how the process works and why it is different than other fish. What happened to it that may have triggered the evolution and what is the new ability used for. My one question is this: what is the process to determining if a species has already been discovered and can scientists really tell how long the species has existed before its discovery?